The basic function of the joint is to make the right connection between the bones and enable the appropriate range of movement. The inner surfaces of the joint are coated with cartilage – a smooth protective tissue that acts as a buffer of external forces and prevents friction between the joint and the bone. It is therefore necessary to maintain a good cartilage structure in order to allow movement and prevent bone loss.
The most common joint disorder is osteoarthritis, a multifactorial disease that occurs as a result of mechanical and biochemical events in the cartilage and bone area under the cartilage. Symptoms are disturbances in the movements followed by inflammation, pain and the island, and reduced mobility.
Although osteoarthritis is more common with older people, recent studies have shown that osteoarthritis begins in people already in the 1940s, especially on joints that carry body weight, such as the hip.
At the beginning of the disease, changes in the composition of the cartilage become rough and brittle, cracks appear on the surface, and the movements do not develop smoothly. The movements are characterized by characteristic creaking and cracking.
Then there are changes in the bones: the bone thickens at the ends, forming the spikes (osteophytes). These spikes are visible from the outside, it is possible to touch them, preventing the normal function of the joint, causing severe pain. Bone growth often occurs on the joints of the fingers.
In the knee joint, ligaments often stretch and the joint becomes unstable. In contrast, hip osteoarthritis leads to stiffness, the range of movement decreases, and movements are also painful. In the neck and loin parts of the spine, osteoarthritis can cause stiffness, unusual sensations, pain and weakness in the arm or leg.
Recent studies confirm that calcium plays an important role in the onset and development of symptoms of osteoarthritis because it uncontrolled deposition in the articular cartilage. This occurs in the absence of vitamin K2 when the organism is not able to properly utilize calcium, but it “wanders” on the body.
A large-scale study published in 2013 in a reputable magazine, the American Journal of Medicine, confirmed that nearly 60 percent more risk of osteoarthritis occurred in people who lack vitamin K.
Additionally, the study also showed that in 15 percent of patients who initially did not have any symptoms and lacked vitamin K, there was a development of osteoarthritis after 30 months of study duration. In conclusion, the research group highlighted the potential of vitamin K as a simple and acceptable treatment for osteoarthritis, a condition that is often and seriously lacking an effective therapeutic solution.